Ahchoo!: How to fight against the allergies

Allergy is a specific reaction of the body under the action of some factors (germs or substances), called allergens. The person may come into contact with allergens directly, through the skin or indirectly, through mucosal organs or the blood system. In response, the immune system produces an increased amount of antibodies (immunoglobulin E) that contributes to the detection of allergens and subsequent treatment of allergy.

The allergic reactions may be caused by: pollen, dust, cosmetics, animal dander, various plants, serums, vaccines, cold, heat, sunlight, various food substances. According to doctors, allergic reactions may be more common in people with a disordered lifestyle and unbalanced diet.

 Let’s see what are the symptoms of allergy, how it is diagnosed and how it is treated.
 

What are the types and symptoms of the allergy

The most common type of allergy are the respiratory allergies and food allergies. Besides these 2 categories, there are also other types of allergies: allergy to the allergies to insect venom, drug allergies, allergy to animals, but they have a insignificant spread.

The respiratory allergies are the most common spread, also called rhinitis, rhino sinusitis, allergic asthma. Their main symptoms are:
In allergic rhinitis:

-          Sneezing;

-          Nasal itching;

-          Watery runny nose (rhinorrhea aqueous);

-          Stuffy nose (nasal bilateral obstruction, alternating);

In allergic asthma:

-          Itchy palate (palatal pruritus) and the ear (otic pruritus);

-          Tiredness (fatigue);

-          Headache (headache);

-          Lack of appetite (anorexia);

-          Decrease or loss of smell (hyposmia or anosmia);

-          Cough;

-          Wheezing;

-          Shortness of breath (dyspnea) or chest tightness;

Respiratory allergies may arise seasonally or day by day, depending on the presence of the causative allergen and may have different forms of severity. The most common respiratory allergens are house dust mites, molds, pollens, epithelial and hair of pets (dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, etc.).

Food allergies occurs quite soon after eating allergenic foods and is manifested by the following symptoms:

-          oropharyngeal pruritus;

-          pruritic rash;

-          Facial swelling, tongue or glottis (the latter are edema with localized severity that can cause suffocation and death from acute respiratory failure);

-          Nausea;

-          Vomiting;

-          Diarrhea;

-          Sometimes, brutal reaction of the entire body associated with decreasing blood pressure (anaphylactic shock).

The main food allergens are: cow's milk protein, albumen and egg yolk, nuts, peanuts, soy, fish, celery, carrots, wheat flour, tomato, kiwi, bananas, coffee, cocoa, peaches, apricots, etc. According to doctors, any food protein can be, potentially, allergenic. This type of allergy is quite common in adults, but most commonly occurs in children.
 

How to diagnose

Allergy diagnosis and identification of the allergen that causes the allergic reaction is sometimes difficult, requiring identification of specific IgE by various methods. For this one can do some skin allergy tests, either by blood sampling and laboratory techniques.

Skin testing (prick) is the most commonly used (using standardized allergen solutions for testing), it is the cheapest and fast, the results are obtained within 15-20 minutes. However, it is best correlated with true allergic sensitization relevant to the patient's symptoms. It is non-aggressive, painless and harmless if carried out properly, in conjunction with the patient's allergic history and present state of disease. Testing can be performed at any age, including children. For proper interpretation of the test is required discontinuation of any allergic treatment 3 days before making it.

Blood allergy testing is indicated only for patients who cannot meet the conditions for a proper skin testing. These investigations are invasive (involving venous blood sampling) more expensive and longer (the results are obtained, depending on in the laboratory, within a few days). There are various laboratory techniques that identify allergy antibodies separately for a single allergen, or a group of allergens (for example, 20 Panel tests called allergens). Blood tests are not superior in sensitized and specific skin tests, often requiring a correct interpretation of their relevance according to the patient's symptoms.
 

How to treat the allergy

Allergies can be treated by herbal way, either with drugs. The most popular solutions of herbal treatment of allergies are:

-          Treatment with the nutrients. It is considered that in treating allergies it is beneficial the intake of vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid. Thus, to benefit from this, the experts recommend oral administration of 100 mg of vitamin B5 daily. Also, according to studies, a dose of 400 mg of vitamin E taken daily for 4 -6 weeks help relieve allergy symptoms, because it possesses anti-allergic properties.

-          Treatment with castor oil. In a glass of fruit juice, vegetables and water, put 5 drops of castor oil and the mixture is consumed in the morning before eating and is also beneficial in treating intestinal and skin allergies.

-          Treatment with lime. Lime is used to treat any type of allergy. Squeeze half a lime in a glass of warm water, then sweeten with a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is taken only in the morning for several months. Lime acts as a detoxified and anti-allergic agent. Lime treatment is not recommended for people allergic to citrus.

-          Bananas treatment. Patients who should treat food allergy or who have suffered repeatedly from digestive disorders, asthma and eczema, need to eat 1-2 bananas. It should be noted that these fruits can trigger allergic reactions among sensitive individuals.

-          Treatment with fruit and vegetable juice. A quantity of 500 ml carrot juice or a mixture of carrot juice, beet and cucumber is beneficial in the treatment of allergies. Is recommended to mix 100 ml of beet juice, 100 ml of cucumber juice and 300 ml of carrot juice.

Drug treatment starts with the administration of medications that improve the symptoms and reduce the inflammation. In case of allergic rhenita, for  example, for such purposes one uses corticosteroids (that reduce symptoms: sneezing, nasal itching, watery and runny stuffy nose).

Asthma therapy includes two treatment branches: control medication that is taken daily and aims the long-term control of symptoms; and crisis medication, represented by short-acting bronchodilators (Salbutamol, etc.). Which acts quickly and is used when asthma symptoms occur.

For all forms of allergy described in this article, Balkan Pharmaceuticals company offers the following solutions: Alergostop, Clemastine, Desloratadine.