How we keep diabetes under control

Diabetes is a chronic disease that leads to increasing blood sugar levels. This happens because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to convert sugar from consumed food into energy.

The inability of the body to produce insulin or use it inevitably leads to raising blood sugar. This condition is known as hyperglycaemia. Long-term high levels of sugar can cause damage to various organs and tissues of the body.

The main symptoms of diabetes are often excessive thirst and appetite, fatigue, frequent urination, rapid body weight loss, blurred vision and others.

To keep diabetes under control, it is very important to comply with the treatment prescribed by a specialist. Keeping diabetes under control helps prevent problems of the heart, nervous system and legs. In this regard, we propose a set of rules to avoid complications.

1. Weight control. The course towards a healthy weight helps keeping blood sugar under control. Your doctor, nutritionist or fitness trainer can help in establishing an individualized plan for you;

2. Check your blood sugar levels at least twice a day. In addition, note the results daily, so you can track your progress and see how diet and activity affect sugar levels;

3. Keep an eye on the amount of carbohydrates you eat. This will help keep blood sugar under control. Choose fibre-rich carbohydrates such as green vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains;

4. Check at regular intervals blood pressure levels, cholesterol and triglycerides. Diabetes increases the likelihood of heart disease, so you should watch your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Check with your doctor about maintaining these indicators under control. Do not forget to take prescribed medicines;

5. Do exercise regularly to maintain a healthy body weight. Besides this, exercise lowers stress and also helps in controlling blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides. Take at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise per day, or any sport you like.

6. Sleep more. The lack of sleep generates the tendency to eat more, leading to difficulty maintaining body weight. People with diabetes who get enough sleep often have better eating habits and normal blood sugar levels.

7. Keep stress under control, because it is not compatible with diabetes. High levels of stress can raise blood sugar levels. Save yourself from the stress sitting quietly for 15 minutes, meditating or practicing yoga.

These simple rules will help you deal more easily with diabetes and stay healthy.