What is gastritis and how do we prevent it?

Common among students and people with a busy schedule, gastritis is a common digestive system disorder, which untreated or treated superficially, can be dangerous by its irreversible complications.

Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation or erosion of the stomach mucus, caused by external or internal factors. It can be acute - occurs suddenly - or chronic - it installs gradually.

The symptoms of gastritis can vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include nausea or upset stomach, bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting, indigestion, burning or gnawing feelings in your stomach between meals or overnight, hiccups, loss of appetite, vomiting blood, bowel movements (the presence of blood in bowel movements), etc.

The most common causes for the appearance of gastritis are: heavy drinking or alcohol poisoning, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, analgesic drugs, Helicobacter pylori infection (infectious gastritis), difficult and complicated chirurgical interventions, psychosocial stress, etc.

No matter what were the causes that provoked it, gastritis should be treated as soon as possible to prevent the inflammation to worsen up. The best, however, is to have a balanced lifestyle.

To prevent gastritis you need to keep a balanced diet, to follow up correctly the main meals of the day, avoid drinking alcohol and coffee on an empty stomach, exclude from your menu food with a high content of sugar or additives, avoid sodas and foods with strong taste, spicy, sweet, sour or bitter because they are unbearable for a sensitive stomach.

Specialist’s advices to patients with gastritis are following:

- Avoiding hazardous substances for gastric mucosal injury;

- Avoid spicy foods;

- The administration of treatment according to medical advice;

- Reducing stress and avoiding situations that puts you to challange;

Diagnosis and treatment are carried out by therapist doctors or gastroenterologists.