How do we keep a healthy heart?

The heart is the most important muscle in the body. It pumps blood throughout the body so that oxygen and nutrients are distributed to all organs.

However, like any other organ, the heart can be affected by various diseases and disorders that are often fatal. These can include arterial hypertension, heart failure, heart attack, myocardia, angina, etc.

Cardiovascular diseases can be prevented or at least supervised. It is advised a periodical checkup at the cardiologist to verify blood pressure or blood cholesterol levels. Symptoms that indicates a heart disease are as following:

- Cold sweating or numbness in regions like hands, shoulders, hands or feet;

- Pain or discomfort in any region of the upper body (arms, neck, back, jaw);

- Chest pain, along with respiratory failure;

- Dizziness and fainting;

- Weakness, fatigue;

- Indigestion, nausea, vomiting;

- Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmias);

- Inability to do regular exercise.

If you experience one or more of these symptoms, contact the doctor urgently.

A healthy heart can be maintained through a balanced diet. Following foods such as tomatoes, peppers, fish, olive oil, legumes, nuts etc. can be benefic for your heart. Get enough sleep, exercise at least 30 minutes a day. Medical studies show that moderate physical activity reduces the risk of heart attack by 30%. Another important thing to keep a healthy heart is to limit alcohol consumption and no smoking.

Note: Every year, starting with 2000, on September 29th the World Heart Day is celebrated. The event was launched at the initiative of the World Heart Federation and is organized internationally in order to inform the population about risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease.