Migraine: causes, symptoms and treatment

The migraine is a chronic condition characterized by headaches of moderate to severe intensity, that occurring periodically. Usually, the pain gets worse from physical effort and can last from 4 to 72 hours and is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or noise.

According to the doctors, the causes of emergence and development of migraine are a mix between genetic factors and environment ones. Almost 2/3 of the people suffering from migraine have at least a relative with the same condition.

There are many types of migraines, each having specific characteristics. For example, some women have migraines just before the menstruation. The migraines can occur also together with other conditions, like asthma or depression. Other more serious conditions like brain tumours or infections can have symptoms similar to the migraine.

A day or two before the emergence of the migraine, one can feel tired, sleepy, with selective appetite for certain foods, psychomotor agitation or irritability.

About 30% of people who suffer from migraines present, before the appearance of headaches themselves, certain symptoms, called aura. This aura develops in 5-20 minutes and is characterized by the appearance of visual type intense light flashcards, dark blackheads, sensation of distortion of images. Also, sensory disturbances may occur (numbness, tingling) in the hands, arms or face.

There is no cure for migraine, but doctors can recommend certain pharmaceuticals that help reduce the intensity and frequency of migraines. Another method would be to avoid risk factors that can trigger pain, as red wine consumption, excessive or insufficient sleep, bright light or loud sounds etc.