Tuberculosis: Everything you need to know about this disease

According to medical statistics, annually, more than 8 million people around the globe get tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which attacks the lungs. This disease is manifested by chest pain, chronic cough with streaks of blood, sputum, fever, chronic fatigue, night sweats and weight loss.

The disease occurs against a background of low immunity. The main risk factors which weaken the body are poor feeding, poor hygiene, insufficient rest, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and stress. Some chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, leukemia, HIV/AIDS, increase the risk of infection with tuberculosis. Closed, damp and unventilated rooms, also represent a high risk of contamination with tuberculosis.

If not treated, over 50% of cases the disease can become fatal. Furthermore, the infected person is likely to infect other people in contact, through coughing, sneezing or sputum released into the air.

Therefore, treatment of TB is very important since the symptoms first appear. The latent disease can develop for a long time and if the person is not going to the doctor, treatment could take longer and would require much more effort. Doctors highlight the importance of a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, sports, avoiding stress, alcohol and tobacco abuse.