Obesity – the 21st century disease. How do we maintain a normal body weight?

Obesity is a problem that is increasing worldwide. Several large-scale studies show that about 33% of the adult population on the globe is obese, equivalent to more than 1 billion people.

Obesity is a condition that involves the accumulation of excess body fat (over 25% of normal body weight). In most cases, it is caused by excessive consumption of calories, lack of physical activity and genetic predisposition and sometimes, obesity appears on the background of endocrine or mental disorders or specific medication use.

Obesity has adverse effects on health, increasing the risk of heart disease, diabetes, asthma, osteoarthritis, etc.

In order to have a normal body weight, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle. It is also a priority to eat healthy. It is recommended to consume food that is rich in protein; fiber; minerals; vitamins and to limit the hyper caloric foods, such as fast foods or carbonated drinks.

Sport, be it by shaping, swimming, running or cycling, is also necessary for the proper functioning of the metabolism, helping to combat excess weight.

Worldwide, the European Day of Obesity is marked on May 21.