How to protect yourself from hot weather?

Summer brings with it high temperatures. But heat excess and the sun can damage your organism. Most frequent consequences of heat days are weariness, dehydration, heat-stroke and hyperthermia. Also, when temperature is high, bacteria gather much quicker inclusively in products and there is a risk of food poisoning.

People who suffer from cardio-vascular diseases are more exposed. Because of the heat, they can feel heart rhythm disorders, which increase the risk of a heart attack.

According to the doctors, it is better to avoid as much as possible going outdoors. If, however, you have to spend time outdoors, the following measures are recommended:

- Stay hydrated. Drink water or other fluids (at least 2 liters of water per day);

- Change your diet and reduce caloric intake. Replace fatty, fried foods, cheese and pork meat with vegetables and fresh fruits especially rich in potassium and magnesium (products with green leaves, bananas, tomatoes, kiwi, beans);

- Wear light clothes made from natural components (preferably cotton), a cap or a hat and sunglasses. Apply sunscreen to the skin.

- Limit the hours spent on the beach. Tanning, especially, should be avoided between 11 and 16.

- Avoid excessive effort (carrying, weight lifting, going to gym);

- Persons who suffer from cardiovascular diseases should  monitor daily their blood pressure to avoid risky activities for their health;

However, in case of sunstroke, the person should be rushed to the shade or a cool place and to be sprinkled with water and rehydrated. It is then recommended to go to the doctor.